What are wetlands?

Wetlands are shallow stagnant water, or soil soaked with mostly fresh water, which is characterized by low pH value (or acidity) and biodiversity of habitat for many plant and animal species, such as amphibians, fish, birds, insects, reptiles and mammals.

Wetlands are most commonly found in river plains or along lakes or in relief depressions with intense vegetation. Many wetlands are endangered or were completely drained in the last century due to the agricultural needs for arable land or for health reasons (malaria). In recent times there has been a change in attitude towards wetlands. People have become aware of their significance for the totality of the human environment, followed by successful efforts for restoration of these areas.